Tag Archives: Pre-Session Procedure

Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart


I was recently asked on Twitter about my pre-session analysis. My response was simply that I've outlined the process in detail in the YTC Price Action Trader.

However, since publication, I have added a couple of minor steps. Let's look at one today.

It occurs just once a day, right at the beginning of my analysis process.

It involves the daily chart. And about 5 to 10 seconds of work.

Not for levels, or structure, or trend. We get those from our normal Higher Timeframe (HTF) and Trading Timeframe (TTF) charts.

The daily is used to provide a "best guess" as to the potential range of movement we can expect in the upcoming session.

There is no great accuracy required. I don't need to get it right within a small number of ticks. It's just a quick assessment based upon experience. Part of building our bigger-picture contextual awareness.

It allows me to operate throughout the day with some sense for whether the market has more room to move, or whether the market is possibly close to it's expected range already.

This is the chart layout I use:

<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>


Let's have a look at how it is constructed.

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<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>


And the Three Step process for using this data.


<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>

<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>

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<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>

<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>

<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>

<image: Pre-Session Analysis Starts with the Daily Chart>

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  1. My expectation for today's potential range starts as the Average Daily Range.
  2. I increase this slightly in an expansion environment, and decrease slightly during contraction.
  3. And adjust again as required, if a quick assessment of daily price action suggests good potential for either a wide-range trend day or narrow-range consolidation.


And of course, update throughout the day as more data unfolds.

Don't expect perfection.

It's just "background" contextual information that can be used as an input to your trade selection and trade management decisions.

Happy trading,

Lance Beggs



My Pre-Session Routine

 I operate my trading business in accordance with my Procedures Manual, which documents the procedural steps I will carry out in order to complete:

  • My pre-session routine

  • My during-session routine

  • My post-session routine

  • My contingency management procedures

Let’s discuss my pre-session routine. Feel free to use whatever parts you find useful for documenting your own routine. Feedback is always welcome. I love to hear how others manage their trading as well (through co-operation we can all improve as traders).

Pre-session is the time you prepare for trading. This involves two main components:

  1. Personal Preparation

  2. Trading Preparation

Personal Preparation involves the following steps: (with additional comments or links in italics when clarification is required)


CAUTION: Volatility

I know I’ve mentioned this before, but we learn from repetition, so it’s important to share this from time to time.

For those of you who trade intra-day timeframes as I do, it’s essential that you’re aware of the upcoming economic news releases or other fundamental events which can move your market.

Let’s look at a couple of examples from last week which demonstrate just how powerful these moves can be.

This first charts is the GBP/USD spot forex pair, 5 min chart, from Aug 6th 2009, at the time of the MPC Rate Statement and Official Bank Rate news release, in which the British Pound fell rapidly versus the US Dollar, after the Bank of England announced the expansion of its asset purchase program from 125 to 175 billion pounds.

The first five minutes following the economic release produced a price range of approximately 120 pips.


GBPUSD MPC Rate Statement chart 6 Aug 09



How Is My Trading Influenced by the News?

I had an interesting chat recently with a subscriber about the current ‘financial meltdown’, which addressed two main areas of conversation that I felt would be worth sharing via my website and newsletter.

What are my thoughts on the financial crisis, and how do I trade the news or allow news to influence my trading?

The fact is that, although I do follow the major financial news and while the current financial crisis is fascinating, my trading is almost exclusively based on price action.

I’m not an economist, so I’m not interested in money supply, inflation rates, GDP, interest rates and trade balances. I’m not a financial analyst, so I’m not too concerned with company balance sheets, profit and loss statements or P/E ratios. These fundamentals don’t concern me.

So you’ll typically find very little in the way of market commentary, economic or fundamental analysis from me through either my website or my newsletter.

While I do have an opinion on the current state of the US and global economies and who is to blame, and am amazed at what I perceive to be gross mismanagement of the situation so far, there’s little to be gained by sharing that. After all, it’s just my opinion based on the commentary I’ve read so far and it’s quite likely biased by my own beliefs and perceptions. My assessment of the situation is of little relevance to anyone else. If you’re after opinion, there’s no shortage of market commentators willing to provide it.

So rather than share my thoughts on this, I’d prefer to see you conduct your own research and come up with your own opinions.

I guess the benchmark I would like to apply to my website & newsletter content is, ‘Can this material add value to your trading business?’ If not, I don’t plan on sharing it.

So, onto the more important questions that I believe can add value to your trading business – do I trade the news, or allow news to influence my trading?

Let me address this in two ways. Firstly, how do I deal with news in a ‘normal’ market environment? And secondly, how do I alter my trading when the whole market is gripped by uncertainty as we’re experiencing with the current financial crisis?

As a short-timeframe technical trader I am largely unconcerned with the longer term fundamentals. However I am interested in the main news releases, as follows:

a)     the regular economic data releases such as Non-Farm Payroll figures, Retail Sales figures and Interest Rate Statements; and

b)    the major ‘non-regular’ news items, such as the recent House of Representatives meeting to consider the bailout bill.


Why am I interested in these news releases? Simply because they are capable of producing significant volatility and leading to large moves in the markets.

About 12 to 24 months ago there seemed to be an explosion, especially in the forex world, of trading strategies designed to capitalize on the volatility produced by these news releases, typically related in some way to straddling the market with stop entry buy and sell orders, in order to enter long or short and profit regardless of which way the market moves. Unfortunately these people look at the charts in hindsight and only see the potential profits. They fail to adequately address the risk that comes through trading these events, through platforms freezing, huge slippage or requotes. And even when they get a good fill, often the volatility leads to rapid directional changes, stopping out one or both trades at a loss.

There are other ways to trade news events. Kathy Lien and Boris Schlossberg currently provide a signals service with very impressive results and a realistic approach to the forex markets, based on a combination of both fundamental and technical analysis.

For me though, neither approach works.

My focus with these news events is simply as it relates to risk management. How can the potential volatility increase the risk of my position?